I feel very fortunate to be spending this time in the UK. On various adventures outside London I have now seen for myself the majesty of the Lake District, the un-mistakeable English-ness of the Yorkshire Dales, and northern Wales in all its glory. These areas are amongst countless other twists and turns of the British landscape, all with deep connections to the history of their culture. Time after time I have been impressed with the way the past is cherished and shared through local exhibits, National Trust properties, or by keeping alive a traditional practice like dry-stone walling and thus preserving the landscape.
A goal for my time whilst living here has been to connect with the history of herbal medicine and bring alive the theory that was introduced during my herbalism studies in Australia. Last week I took the opportunity to visit Walnut Cottage, the Hampshire herb garden of Penelope Ody, renowned herbal practitioner and author, by taking part in a day long workshop offered on her website. The workshop, Leechbooks and Wort Cunning, discussed myths, legends, and traditional uses of plants that we still use medicinally today, whilst tracing the evolution of herbal medicine through the Druids, Saxons, Greek and Roman influences, and Medieval Christianity. We were a small group which allowed for lively discussion and shared excitement, especially when we got to tour the herb garden and collect cuttings!
We were casting ourselves back into the minds of our fore-mothers and fathers and regarding the plants with a deeper, more superstitious and magical significance. We learnt that a popular use for herbs was to make them into an amulet that would bring the wearer luck or protection, depending on which plants were selected.
I collected cuttings of Bistort, Clover, Fennel, Rosemary and Walnut for good luck, courage, strength, improved mental powers and protection from illness and evil (covering all bases then). I added cardamom pods for peaceful thoughts. We also collected nine different cuttings from sacred plants such as rose, elder and mugwort to make a midsummer bouquet to be dried and hung in our homes.
One of the treats of the day for me, aside from the delicious home cooked lunch, was getting to rifle through Penny’s amazing collection of old herbal books. One in particular, The Leech Book of Bald, is the oldest surviving medical book in England. In old English laece or leech means healer and this book was compiled by a monk named Bald during the 9th century. We chose a traditional recipe, a cough syrup, from this ancient text and gave it a go. The recipe stated: ‘Against a cough and narrowness boil sage and fennel in sweetened ale and sip it hot; do likewise as often as may be needed’. The result tasted quite pleasant and the sensation after drinking was a soothing warmth in the throat. These are herbs that we still use medicinally for coughs and congestion today, probably due in part to old references like this.
Now all that remains is to keep my amulet close and enjoy luck, health and an absence of evil!